Travnik is located in the valley of the Lasva River and bordered by Vlasic Mountain to the north and Mount Vilenica to the south. The valley appeared in 1244, in terms of primary historical records, when the Hungarian King Bela IV gave one of his notables a piece of land in Lasva. By that time, the area was a feudal estate of the Bosnian state.

The Ottoman era renewed the glory of Travnik. It was the principal city and military centre of Bosnia and Herzegovina For over 150 years, the vizier - the Ottoman Sultan’s representative in Bosnia - had his headquarters in this town, attracting both consulates and trade. Travelers visiting Travnik in this era were impressed by the town and called it the European Istanbul and the most oriental town in Bosnia. Nobel-prize winner’s Ivo Andrics brilliant ‘Travnik Chornicle’ gives you a feel of this period.